Hair transplantation is a surgical technique in which the hair follicles are removed from one part of the body, to the balding part of the body. The technique is primarily used to treat male pattern baldness, which primarily occurs as a result of genetics. The other factors that can lead to pattern baldness range from diet, stress, illness, hormonal imbalance to medications.
As a whole there are two types of transplant procedures: slit grafts and micrografts. Slit grafts contain 4 to 10 hairs per graft. Whereas micrografts contain 1 to 2 hairs per graft, depending on the amount of coverage required.
Follicular unit transplantation (FUT):
- In this technique the surgeon uses a scalpel to cut out a strip of scalp skin from the back of the head, which is then closed with stitches.
- The surgeon then separates the removed portion of scalp into small sections using a magnifying lens and sharp surgical knife and implants these sections to achieve natural-looking hair growth.
Follicular unit extraction (FUE):
- In FUE, the surgeon makes tiny holes with a blade or needle in the area of the scalp that’s receiving the hair transplant. They gently place hairs in these holes.
- After, the graft, the gauze, or bandages will cover your scalp for a few days.
- Approximately three or four sessions are required to achieve the desired result.
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER A HAIR TRANSPLANT?
- As the scalp may be sore, medications are prescribed following hair transplant surgery, such as:
- Pain medication
- Antibiotics to reduce your risk of infection
- Anti-inflammatory medications to keep swelling down.